Creative Placemaking: References

1. Megan Heckert and Jeremy Mennis, “The Economic Impact of Greening Urban Vacant Land: A Spatial Difference-in-differences Analysis,” Environment and Planning A 44 (2012): 3,010–27; Bianca Berragan, “Los Angeles’ Tens of Thousands of Vacant Lots: Mapped,” Curbed Los Angeles, May 15, 2015; Peleg Kremer and Zoé Hamstead, “Transformation of Urban Vacant Lots for the Common Good: An Introduction to the Special Issue,” Cities and the Environment 8, no. 2 (2015).

2. City of Pickering, Ontario, Canada, “Sustainable Placemaking,”, viewed November 13, 2015.

3. Julio D. D’Avila, ed., Urban Mobility and Poverty: Lessons from Medellín and Soacha, Colombia (Medellín: Universidad Nacional de Colombia, 2013).

4. Project for Public Spaces, Placemaking and the Future of Cities (New York: 2012); Coby Joseph, “Medellin Metrocable Improves Mobility for Residents of Informal Settlements,”, August 26, 2014; D’Avila, ed., Urban Mobility and Poverty.

5. Joseph, “Medellin Metrocable Improves Mobility for Residents of Informal Settlements”; Julio D. D’Avila, “Going Up in Medellín: What Can We Learn from the City’s Aerial Cable-car Lines?” DPU News, March 2013; Magdalena Cerdá et al., “Reducing Violence by Transforming Neighborhoods: A Natural Experiment in Medellín, Colombia,” American Journal of Epidemiology 175, no. 10 (2012): 1,045–53.

6. Project for Public Spaces, “Bryant Park, NY: Publicly Owned, Privately Managed, and Financially Self-Supporting,”, viewed November 13, 2015.

7. Susan Silberberg et al., Places in the Making: How Placemaking Builds Places and Communities (Cambridge, MA: MIT Department of Urban Studies, 2013).

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