Over the last three decades, rapid economic growth has transformed China into the world’s second largest economy, making it the biggest energy consumer and emitter of greenhouse gases. The central government has made energy conservation and emissions reduction top priorities, a mandate that also has been delegated to the provincial and local levels. In Shanghai, one of the largest cities in China, the movement toward sustainability has been driven mostly by pressure and guidance from the central government, but also by the demands of the 2010 Shanghai World Expo, with its focus on sustainable urban living.

Shanghai Basics

City population 24.2 million
City area 6,341 square kilometers
Population density 3,809 inhabitants per square kilometer

Five Main Points

  • The central government’s Five-Year Plans lay out the overarching direction for China’s economic and social development.

Learn more in State of the World: Can a City Be Sustainable?



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